Trout flies are fishing lure with an unbeatable record of fooling trout for years! These flies are designed to mimic specific natural food sources for the target fish species. The flies are prepared for use through an artistic process known as fly tying. This process involves gathering all the materials required to develop varying parts of an individual desired fly and assembling them to make a single piece. In addition, the user is required to have basic fly fishing skills that make fishing expedition successful in varying water bodies, tides, seasons and target fish species. The complete flies can be used in both salty and fresh water in the rivers, pools and lakes.
Prey species imitated by trout flies
The body formation of the trout flies is designed to imitate the following fish prey;
- Terrestrial and aquatic insects
Materials for tying trout flies
Varying materials are required to a form a complete recipe for trout flies tying process. The choice of relevant materials depends on the type of fly to be made based on the desired prey imitation. Nonetheless, below are some common and basic materials required:
- Feathers or grizzly hackles
- Animal hair or superfine dubbing
- Fish hook
- Ice chenille
- Copper or silver
Check full list the tying materials and supplies.
How to tie trout flies
The step by step tying process for trout fly differs from one fly imitation to the next. This is because the fly formation is designed to perfectly mimic the desired fish prey to be used to lure the target fish species. Here is an example of a popular traditional tying process;
Step 1. Run the tying thread around the center point of the hook shank. This forms fine wraps that becomes the base for attaching the wings.
Step 2. Attach the wings by tying a few feathers or grizzly hackles on the thread wraps on the middle of the hook shank. Use a pair of scissors to trim off the excess hackles achieving a fine taper. Hold the hackles in between the fingers pulling them into an upright position and run the thread at the base to form wings. Split the upright wings into two equal sections and make several wraps between them with the thread to keep the sections apart. Make a firm knot to keep the thread in place and add a drop of glue to reinforce it.
Step 3. Develop the tail using the feathers or grizzly hackle. In this case, get few hackles or about two feathers and tie their tips immediately behind the curve bend. Run few wraps of the thread to bind them firmly on the hook shank. Pull and trim them to form a smooth taper facing backwards.
Step 4. Pick a bunch of superfine dubbing or hair and tie it behind the wings. Use the thread to keep the dubbing in place. Then, select about two grizzly hackles and tie them behind the wings and make a few wraps of thread stopping behind the eye of the hook.
Step 5. Create the head of the fly using superfine dubbing. In this case, get a small bunch of the dubbing and bind it using the thread just behind the eye of the hook. Ensure that the head is light enough to avoid problems resulting from bulk dubbing.
Step 6. Give a fine finishing to the fly by trimming off all the excessive materials while applying a firm whip knot. If need be, apply varnish or glue to firmly fix the thread.
Best trout flies
Trout flies come in different colors and body formations aimed at mimicking the desired fish prey. Below are the top 30 flies available in the market today;
This versatile fly is a perfect imitation of stonefly and other caddis species. The fly is best for fishing during the hopper season when the trout are feeding on hoppers. The fly is used for varying water tides including the flood tides. It is available in two major patterns that are yellow and orange fly. In most online stores, different patterns of stimulator fly costs between $2 and $3.
Blue Winged Olive fly
Blue winged olive fly is designed to imitate the Mayfly. This traditional fly has an olive body with smoke colored wings that create a resemblance with varying Mayfly species. The fly costs about $2.80- $3 in the stores.
This minnow belongs to baitfish fly imitation best for fishing at the shores and flat areas especially in salty water bodies. The fly has hair wing with great resistance to sea weeds and rocks. In the common online stores, the fly costs about $3.
Foam Caddis fly
This is a versatile fly whose formation mimics caddis species. It is an adult caddis pattern designed to fool trout that feeds on small terrestrial insects. It is available in different colors that include tan, black and olive. It is available in the online stores at $3-$4.
Parachute Adams fly
Adams fly is developed using grizzly hackles and dubbing material. It mimics different aquatic and terrestrial flies that are food sources for the trout. The fly costs $2-$3 in the online market.
Bloa Northern Spider trout fly
This fly is a traditional northern spider that soaks in water to mimic an emerging blue winged olive. It is available at a cost of $2 in the online market.
Jack Schlotter’s Foam flying ant
Foam flying ant is designed to imitate a parachute hopper, a source of food for trout towards the end of summer. It comes in black and cinnamon colors. It costs $2-$3.
Jack Dennis’ Parachute bwo fly
The fly is prepared using a horizontally wrapped hackle that provides a parachute formation. Its major types are Adams and royal fly best for fishing in turbulent waters. It costs around $2 in the online market.
Dave’s Hopper fly
This is a versatile fly for both dry and wet fly fishing. It mimics a drowned hopper. It costs about $3-$4.50.
This appears like a distressed damselfly nymph or dragon fly. It is best for fishing in still waters. It costs about $3.
Outrigger Yellow Sally fly
Sally fly pattern imitates the stonefly. This fly jitters on the water surface where the trout rises to search for prey. It costs $2 in the online stores.
Nymph Hare’s Ear fly
This fly is developed using hare’s fur for the body and a bead for the head. It is a perfect imitation for the nymph. Its price in the online market ranges between $2 and $3.
Gold Bead Crystal Bugger
The fly comes in olive and black colors with the fly imitating the woolly bugger. It is best for fishing in lakes and rivers. It costs about $3 in the stores.
This is a medium streamer fly with high ability of catching huge trout. It has a big furry head and costs about $3 in the online market.
Trout are fond of shrimp flies as a diet hence this fly works wonders in fooling the trout. It is best for wet fishing. It is available in eBay at $2.
Panther Nymph fly
The fly is black in color best for sub-surface wet fishing. It imitates the nymphs targeting trout rainbow browns fish species. In eBay online market, this fly costs $2.
This is a streamer designed with a hook pointing upwards that allows for deep wet fishing. It mimics a wooly bugger. It is available online at $2-$3.
Barbless Marsden Mohican fly
This is a black and blue fly designed with pine squirrel wing. It is best for wet fishing and available at $2 in the online market.
This streamer is made with adequate flash and hackles to imitate floating hopper that lures the trout. It costs about $3 in the online market.
Meal Ticket fly
This is a baitfish fly designed with rubber legs, rabbit-like tail, ram wool head and flashy body. It is a fly for all water tides costing about $3.
Charlie’s Air Head fly
This is a versatile streamer best for fishing in moderate water flow. It imitates a wounded fish costing about $8.
This fly is designed to mimic baitfish. It is best for fishing in calm and flood water tides. It costs between $4 and $5 in the stores.
Hot Flash Minnow fly
This streamer provides best trout catch in rivers. It is light hence sinking fast when cast into the water. Its price ranges between $2 and $3 in the major stores.
Snag Free Delight fly
This is a versatile baitfish pattern designed for salty water fishing. It is available in the online market at $3.
This fly mimics an adult chironomid one of the favorite trout diet. Its price ranges between $2 and $3.
Kingfisher’s Sculpin fly
This is a streamer fly designed for fishing in dirty water and night fishing expeditions. The fly is made with flash and vibrations that are hard for trout to ignore. It costs about $6-$8 in the online stores.
Zebra Larvae Midge fly
Larvae midge fly is designed with a worm-like formation best for catching trout. It costs about $2 in the stores.
Krafts Crawdad fly
Crawdad fly streamer is designed to mimic crayfish, a favorite prey for trout. It is best for fishing in muddy water. It costs about $2-$3.
Para-Midge Flat Winged fly
It is designed with flat wings with its formation mimicking an adult midge. It costs between $3 and $4.
Barbless Greenwell’s Glory
This is a nymph fly designed for wet flying in rivers and lakes. It costs between $1.70 and $2 in the online market.
Trout fly fishing
Trout fly fishing is successful if the water color, tide and temperature factors are considered. In addition, sources of trout food available are primary consideration to be made in order to choose the fly that perfectly mimics the prey. Here are tactics of trout fishing;
To catch trout during winter, let your fly sink slowly deep into the water as the trout are normally close to the bottom.
Spring Creeks Fishing
When fishing in water temperatures that are stable, casting the fly at dawn provides great trout catch.
Summer Fy fishing
During summer, trout are likely to search for food just below the surface of the water. Therefore, cast the fly to sink just below the surface to catch the cruising trout.